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France Report

Nature of OMFS
 

single medical degree Maxillo-facial surgery

The specialty of Stomatology has ended. It was a pure medical specialty with extensive dental education but has been stopped in 2011 at the request of the dentists and has been theoretically replaced by OS, accessible both to dental and medical trainees. However, OS has rapidly become very controversial as the frontier between OS (that is part of MFS) and MFS is regularly questioned, especially by single dental qualified oral surgeons.

In April 2022, MFS have announced that they will stop their collaboration to this specialty in 2023.   
 

      

      

Timing of second degree (if any)
 
None - single degree MF
 
Length of specialty training
 
6 years
 
Number of OMFS specialists 
 
1400 Stomatologists and Maxillo-facial surgeons
 
Number of OMFS trainees  +/- 
 
Between 26 and 30/ year (156 to 180 in the active training file)
 
Number of OMFS training rotations
 
5-6 on average (depending on a training program contract that is signed at the beginning of the training between the trainee and the local coordinator of the specialty). One semester in another hospital/region/country at least is encouraged.
 
Major (Hub) units
 
There are 45 CHRU (university centers) and 43 of them have an OMFS department
 
National Specialty
 
2 (SFSCMFCO  AFCF)
 
Contact for specialty association 
 
Pr Christophe MEYER
Dr André CHAINE
 
Medical Association 
 

 
Section representative
 
André CHAINE, Christophe MEYER
 
Board representative
 
André CHAINE, Christophe MEYER
 
Oral Surgery
 
 
Number of oral surgeons
 

≈ 140 (in 2022) coming from the medical degree [≈ 15 trainees/year + qualified practitioners coming from a medical national qualification commission. At least as much coming from the dental degree (15 trainees/years in this pathway too) but the exact number is unknown as we (the medical practitioners) have no access to the data of the dental national qualification commission].

Oral surgery training duration
 
4 years
 

Update on national scene - No
 

 
Changes since last year
 
MFS have expressed in 2022 their willingness of disengagement from the OS training. This will lead at least to the end of the medical degreed oral surgery specially
 
Opportunities
 

MFS is the second most appreciated surgical speciality among medical trainees since several years, testifying of its vitality.


 
Threats
 

Absence of double degree (but this is not a real problem as very few French MFS want to leave their country in order to move in strict double degree countries. What French MFS trainees really want is not a double degree but a better dental training)

Important pressure of single dental qualified oral surgeons to practice maxillo-facial surgery.
 


 
Useful resources and links http://www.sfscmfco.fr/