Skip to main content

About OMFS in Europe

In Europe there are two medical specialties, single degree Maxillo-facial Surgery (basic medical training) and Dental Oro-Maxillo-Facial Surgery (basic medical and dental training).

Summary of OMFS including changes from MF to DOMFS

There has been a trend for nations to move from single degree to dual degree OMFS. Until now, no nation as moved from dual degree DOMFS to single medical degree MF. The countries who have moved from MF to OMFS include Austria, Hungary, Luxemburg, and Bulgaria. These nations have both MF and DOMFS in Annex V, to allow MF specialists to continue practicing. Those talking about moving toward DOMFS include France, Spain and Italy.

Originally, OMFS in Greece was not recognised under either dentistry or medicine in the Directive, but are now recognised under DOMF dual degree.

A table summarising the current situation on Annex V is included below updated 22/02/2021

Country (English)

Country in Nations' Language

OMFS Dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery (basic medical and dental training) (EN)

MF Maxillo-facial surgery (basic medical training)

OS Only

Austria

Österreich

Y

Y

 

Belgium

Belgique/België/Belgien

Y

   

Bulgaria

България

Y

Y

+

Croatia

Hrvatska

 

Y

 

Cyprus

Κύπρος

Y

 

+

Czech Republic

Česká republika

 

Y

+

Denmark

Denmark

   

Y

Estonia

Eesti

     

Finland

Suomi/Finland

Y

 

+

France

France

 

Y

+

Germany

Deutschland

Y

 

+

Greece

Ελλάς

Y

 

+

Hungary

Magyarország

Y

Y

+

Iceland *

Ísland

     

Ireland

Ireland

Y

 

+

Italy

Italia

 

Y

 

Latvia

Latvija

 

Y

 

Liechtenstein *

Liechtenstein

Y

   

Lithuania

Lietuva

 

Y

+

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Y

Y

 

Malta

Malta

Y

 

+

Netherlands**

Nederland

Y**

Y**

+

Norway *

Norge

Y

   

Poland

Polska

 

Y

+

Portugal

Portugal

 

Y

+

Romania

România

Y

 

+

Slovenia

Slovenija

 

Y

+

Slovakia

Slovensko

 

Y

+

Spain

España

 

Y

+

Sweden

Sverige

   

Y

Switzerland *

Suisse

Y

   

UK.#

 

Y

 

+

 

* Not in EU but within the Directives
** Dual degree OMFS but recognised within the dental directives
+ Oral surgery specialty listed in Annex V
# UK No longer listed in Annex V

EACMFS is the European scientific society for our specialty. The OMFS Section has strong links foster by a shared liaison officer. EACMFS was established in 1970 by a group of innovative European surgeons who were keen to advance the specialty. The objectives of the Association are to promote cranio-maxillo-facial surgery in theory and practice and attempt to establish uniform training requirements for the specialty in Europe and encourage these worldwide.

Visit EACMFS

Each year, the national UEMS delegates update information about their nation. For an interactive map and list of reports click here.

Directive 2005/36/EC - defines the recognition of professional qualifications and enables the free movement of professionals such as doctors or architects within the EU.

2013/55/EU updates 2005/36/EC including information around professional development.

Switzerland has a Treaty with the EU  hich covers the same areas of recognition and free travel as it is not a member of the EU or EAA.

Annex V of Directive 2005/36/EU contains the list of qualifications and the nations which recognised them. You can download PDF files of the DOMFS and MF elements which are the most recent of which we are aware. The Oral Surgery element of Annex V is here.

The below table lists the name of DOMFS and MF specialties in each nation - also as a PDF.

Nation

Country

Maxillofacial Surgery
(basic medical training)
Minimum training 5 years

Dental, Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery
(basic medical and basic dental training)
Minimum training 4 years

Austria

Österreich

Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

Belgium

Belgique/België/Belgien

 

Stomatologie et chirurgie orale et maxillo-faciale/Stomatologie en mond-, kaak- en aangezichtschirurgie

Bulgaria

България

Лицево-челюстна хирургия

Дентална, орална и лицево-челюстна хирургия

Croatia

Hrvatska

Maksilofacijalna kirurgija

 

Cyprus

Κύπρος

 

Στοματο-Γναθο-Προσωποχειρουργική

Czech Rep

Česká republika

Maxilofaciální chirurgie

 

Denmark

Danmark

 

 

Estonia

Eesti

 

 

Finland

Suomi/Finland

 

Suu- ja leukakirurgia/Oral och maxillofacial kirurgi

France

France

Chirurgie maxillo-faciale et stomatologie

 

Germany

Deutschland

 

Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

Greece

Ελλάς

 

Στοματική και Γναθοπροσωπική Χειρουργική

 

Hungary

Magyarország

Szájsebészet 

Arc-állcsont-szájsebészet

Ireland

Ireland

 

Oral and maxillo-facial surgery

Italy

Italia

Chirurgia maxillo-facciale

 

Latvia

Latvija

Mutes, sejas un žokļu ķirurģija

 

Lithuania

Lietuva

Veido ir žandikaulių chirurgija

 

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Chirurgie maxillo-faciale

Chirurgie dentaire, orale et maxillo-faciale

Malta

Malta

 

Kirurġija tal-għadam tal-wiċċ

Netherlands

Nederland

 

 

Poland

Polska

Chirurgia szczekowo-twarzowa

 

Portugal

Portugal

Cirurgia maxilo-facial

 

Romania

România

 

Chirurgie Orală și Maxilo-facială 

Spain

España

Cirugía oral y maxilofacial

 

Slovakia

Slovenija

Maxilofacialna kirurgija

 

Slovenia

Slovensko

Maxilofaciálna chirurgia

 

Sweden

Sverige

 

 

UK*

United Kingdom

 

Oral and maxillo-facial surgery

Norway*

     

Switzerland*

Schweiz

Suisse

Svizzera

 

Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
Chirurgie orale et maxillofaciale
Chirurgia oro-maxillo-facciale

Dates joined Annex V

 

Hungary 2007
Austria 2013

Germany 2006
Romania 2009
Greece 2014

Footnote

* not in EU

   

(1)   Training leading to the award of evidence of formal qualifications as a specialist in dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery (basic medical and dental training) assumes completion and validation of basic medical studies (Article 24) and, in addition, completion and validation of basic dental studies (Article 34).

domfs map 2022jan